Distributed Visual-Inertial Cooperative Localization

03/23/2021
by   Pengxiang Zhu, et al.
0

In this paper we present a consistent and distributed state estimator for multi-robot cooperative localization (CL) which efficiently fuses environmental features and loop-closure constraints across time and robots. In particular, we leverage covariance intersection (CI) to allow each robot to only track its own state and autocovariance and compensate for the unknown correlations between robots. Two novel different methods for utilizing common environmental temporal SLAM features are introduced and evaluated in terms of accuracy and efficiency. Moreover, we adapt CI to enable drift-free estimation through the use of loop-closure measurement constraints to other robots' historical poses without a significant increase in computational cost. The proposed distributed CL estimator is validated against its naive non-realtime centralized counterpart extensively in both simulations and real-world experiments.

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