Distributed Machine Learning for Predictive Analytics in Mobile Edge Computing Based IoT Environments

by   Prabath Abeysekara, et al.
Swinburne University of Technology
RMIT University

Predictive analytics in Mobile Edge Computing (MEC) based Internet of Things (IoT) is becoming a high demand in many real-world applications. A prediction problem in an MEC-based IoT environment typically corresponds to a collection of tasks with each task solved in a specific MEC environment based on the data accumulated locally, which can be regarded as a Multi-task Learning (MTL) problem. However, the heterogeneity of the data (non-IIDness) accumulated across different MEC environments challenges the application of general MTL techniques in such a setting. Federated MTL (FMTL) has recently emerged as an attempt to address this issue. Besides FMTL, there exists another powerful but under-exploited distributed machine learning technique, called Network Lasso (NL), which is inherently related to FMTL but has its own unique features. In this paper, we made an in-depth evaluation and comparison of these two techniques on three distinct IoT datasets representing real-world application scenarios. Experimental results revealed that NL outperformed FMTL in MEC-based IoT environments in terms of both accuracy and computational efficiency.


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