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Distributed Federated Learning for Ultra-Reliable Low-Latency Vehicular Communications

by   Sumudu Samarakoon, et al.
HUAWEI Technologies Co., Ltd.
University of Oulu
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

In this paper, the problem of joint power and resource allocation for ultra-reliable low latency communication (URLLC) in vehicular networks is studied. The key goal is to minimize the network-wide power consumption of vehicular users (VUEs) subject to high reliability in terms of probabilistic queuing delays. In particular, using extreme value theory (EVT), a new reliability measure is defined to characterize extreme events pertaining to vehicles' queue lengths exceeding a predefined threshold with non-negligible probability. In order to learn these extreme events in a dynamic vehicular network, a novel distributed approach based on federated learning (FL) is proposed to estimate the tail distribution of the queues. Taking into account the communication delays incurred by FL over wireless links, Lyapunov optimization is used to derive the joint transmit power and resource allocation policies enabling URLLC for each VUE in a distributed manner. The proposed solution is then validated via extensive simulations using a Manhattan mobility model. Simulation results show that FL enables the proposed distributed method to estimate the tail distribution of queues with an accuracy that is very close to a centralized solution with up to 79 need to be exchanged. Furthermore, the proposed method yields up to 60 reductions of VUEs with large queue lengths, while reducing the average power consumption by two folds, compared to an average queue-based baseline. For the VUEs with large queue lengths, the proposed method reduces their average queue lengths and fluctuations therein by about 30 baseline.


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