Distance Based Source Domain Selection for Sentiment Classification

08/28/2018 ∙ by Lex Razoux Schultz, et al. ∙ 0

Automated sentiment classification (SC) on short text fragments has received increasing attention in recent years. Performing SC on unseen domains with few or no labeled samples can significantly affect the classification performance due to different expression of sentiment in source and target domain. In this study, we aim to mitigate this undesired impact by proposing a methodology based on a predictive measure, which allows us to select an optimal source domain from a set of candidates. The proposed measure is a linear combination of well-known distance functions between probability distributions supported on the source and target domains (e.g. Earth Mover's distance and Kullback-Leibler divergence). The performance of the proposed methodology is validated through an SC case study in which our numerical experiments suggest a significant improvement in the cross domain classification error in comparison with a random selected source domain for both a naive and adaptive learning setting. In the case of more heterogeneous datasets, the predictability feature of the proposed model can be utilized to further select a subset of candidate domains, where the corresponding classifier outperforms the one trained on all available source domains. This observation reinforces a hypothesis that our proposed model may also be deployed as a means to filter out redundant information during a training phase of SC.

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