Directional Adversarial Training for Cost Sensitive Deep Learning Classification Applications

10/08/2019 ∙ by Matteo Terzi, et al. ∙ 5

In many real-world applications of Machine Learning it is of paramount importance not only to provide accurate predictions, but also to ensure certain levels of robustness. Adversarial Training is a training procedure aiming at providing models that are robust to worst-case perturbations around predefined points. Unfortunately, one of the main issues in adversarial training is that robustness w.r.t. gradient-based attackers is always achieved at the cost of prediction accuracy. In this paper, a new algorithm, called Wasserstein Projected Gradient Descent (WPGD), for adversarial training is proposed. WPGD provides a simple way to obtain cost-sensitive robustness, resulting in a finer control of the robustness-accuracy trade-off. Moreover, WPGD solves an optimal transport problem on the output space of the network and it can efficiently discover directions where robustness is required, allowing to control the directional trade-off between accuracy and robustness. The proposed WPGD is validated in this work on image recognition tasks with different benchmark datasets and architectures. Moreover, real world-like datasets are often unbalanced: this paper shows that when dealing with such type of datasets, the performance of adversarial training are mainly affected in term of standard accuracy.

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