Differential diagnosis and molecular stratification of gastrointestinal stromal tumors on CT images using a radiomics approach

by   Martijn P. A. Starmans, et al.

Distinguishing gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) from other intra-abdominal tumors and GISTs molecular analysis is necessary for treatment planning, but challenging due to its rarity. The aim of this study was to evaluate radiomics for distinguishing GISTs from other intra-abdominal tumors, and in GISTs, predict the c-KIT, PDGFRA,BRAF mutational status and mitotic index (MI). All 247 included patients (125 GISTS, 122 non-GISTs) underwent a contrast-enhanced venous phase CT. The GIST vs. non-GIST radiomics model, including imaging, age, sex and location, had a mean area under the curve (AUC) of 0.82. Three radiologists had an AUC of 0.69, 0.76, and 0.84, respectively. The radiomics model had an AUC of 0.52 for c-KIT, 0.56 for c-KIT exon 11, and 0.52 for the MI. Hence, our radiomics model was able to distinguish GIST from non-GISTS with a performance similar to three radiologists, but was not able to predict the c-KIT mutation or MI.


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