Diagnosis and Prediction of the 2015 Chinese Stock Market Bubble

by   Min Shu, et al.

In this study, we perform a detailed analysis of the 2015 financial bubble in the Chinese stock market by calibrating the Log Periodic Power Law Singularity (LPPLS) model to two important Chinese stock indices, SSEC and SZSC, from early 2014 to June 2015. The back tests of 2015 Chinese stock market bubbles indicates that the LPPLS model can readily detect the bubble behavior of the faster-than-exponential increase corrected by the accelerating logarithm-periodic oscillations in the 2015 Chinese Stock market. The existence of log-periodicity is detected by applying the Lomb spectral analysis on the detrended residuals. The Ornstein-Uhlenbeck property and the stationarity of the LPPLS fitting residuals are confirmed by the two Unit-root tests (Philips-Perron test and Dickery-Fuller test). According to our analysis, the actual critical day t_c can be well predicted by the LPPLS model as soon as two months before the actual bubble crash. Compared to the traditional optimization method used in LPPLS model, the covariance matrix adaptation evolution strategy (CMA-ES) may have a significantly lower computation cost. The CMA-ES is recommended as an alternative algorithm in the LPPLS model. Moreover, the exponent m does not show a remarkable feature of change when the start day t1 is fixed while the end day t2 is moved towards the actual critical time t_c in the expanding windows. In the LPPLS fitting with expanding windows, the gap (tc -t2) shows a significant decrease when the end day t2 approaches the actual bubble crash time. The change rate of the gap (tc -t2) may be used as an additional indicator besides of the key indicator tc to improve the prediction of bubble burst.


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