Detection and treatment of outliers for multivariate robust loss reserving

by   Benjamin Avanzi, et al.
The University of Melbourne

Traditional techniques for calculating outstanding claim liabilities such as the chain ladder are notoriously at risk of being distorted by outliers in past claims data. Unfortunately, the literature in robust methods of reserving is scant, with notable exceptions such as Verdonck and Debruyne (2011) and Verdonck and Van Wouwe (2011). In this paper, we put forward two alternative robust bivariate chain-ladder techniques to extend the approach of Verdonck and Van Wouwe (2011). The first technique is based on Adjusted Outlyingness (Hubert and Van der Veeken, 2008) and explicitly incorporates skewness into the analysis whilst providing a unique measure of outlyingness for each observation. The second technique is based on bagdistance (Hubert et al., 2016) which is derived from the bagplot however is able to provide a unique measure of outlyingness and a means to adjust outlying observations based on this measure. Subsequently, we also extend our robust bivariate chain-ladder approach to an N-dimensional framework. This is illustrated on a trivariate data set from Australian general insurers, and results under the different outlier detection and treatment mechanisms are compared.


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