Detecting quantum entanglement with unsupervised learning

03/08/2021 ∙ by Yiwei Chen, et al. ∙ 79

Quantum properties, such as entanglement and coherence, are indispensable resources in various quantum information processing tasks. However, there still lacks an efficient and scalable way to detecting these useful features especially for high-dimensional quantum systems. In this work, we exploit the convexity of normal samples without quantum features and design an unsupervised machine learning method to detect the presence of quantum features as anomalies. Particularly, given the task of entanglement detection, we propose a complex-valued neural network composed of pseudo-siamese network and generative adversarial net, and then train it with only separable states to construct non-linear witnesses for entanglement. It is shown via numerical examples, ranging from 2-qubit to 10-qubit systems, that our network is able to achieve high detection accuracy with above 97.5 revealing rich structures of entanglement, such as partial entanglement among subsystems. Our results are readily applicable to the detection of other quantum resources such as Bell nonlocality and steerability, indicating that our work could provide a powerful tool to extract quantum features hidden in high-dimensional quantum data.



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Entanglement detection via unsupervised learning

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