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Detecting anomalies in heterogeneous population-scale VAT networks

06/26/2021
by   Angelos Alexopoulos, et al.
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Anomaly detection in network science is the method to determine aberrant edges, nodes, subgraphs or other network events. Heterogeneous networks typically contain information going beyond the observed network itself. Value Added Tax (VAT, a tax on goods and services) networks, defined from pairwise interactions of VAT registered taxpayers, are analysed at a population-scale requiring scalable algorithms. By adopting a quantitative understanding of the nature of VAT-anomalies, we define a method that identifies them utilising information from micro-scale, meso-scale and global-scale patterns that can be interpreted, and efficiently implemented, as population-scale network analysis. The proposed method is automatable, and implementable in real time, enabling revenue authorities to prevent large losses of tax revenues through performing early identification of fraud within the VAT system.

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