Designing Transportable Experiments

09/08/2020
by   My Phan, et al.
0

We consider the problem of designing a randomized experiment on a source population to estimate the Average Treatment Effect (ATE) on a target population. Under the covariate shift assumption, we design an unbiased importance-weighted estimator for the target population's ATE. To reduce the variance of our estimator, we design a covariate balance condition between the treatment and control group. Under the rerandomization scheme [Morgan et al., 2012], the experimenter repeatedly rejects a random assignment until it satisfies the condition. We show that when the sample size is large, for a rejection threshold α, our balance condition achieves the optimal variance reduction.

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