Deployment of Polar Codes for Mission-Critical Machine-Type Communication Over Wireless Networks

by   Najib Ahmed Mohammed, et al.

Mission critical Machine-type Communication, also referred to as Ultra-reliable Low Latency Communication is primarily characterized by communication that provides ultra-high reliability and very low latency to concurrently transmit short commands to a massive number of connected devices. While the reduction in PHY layer overhead and improvement in channel coding techniques are pivotal in reducing latency and improving reliability, the current wireless standards dedicated to support mcMTC rely heavily on adopting the bottom layers of general-purpose wireless standards and customizing only the upper layers. The mcMTC has a significant technical impact on the design of all layers of the communication protocol stack. In this paper, an innovative bottom-up approach has been proposed for mcMTC applications through PHY layer targeted at improving the transmission reliability by implementing ultra-reliable channel coding scheme in the PHY layer of IEEE 802.11a bearing in mind short packet transmission system. To achieve this aim, we analyzed and compared the channel coding performance of convolutional codes, LDPC codes, and polar codes in wireless network on the condition of short data packet transmission. The Viterbi decoding algorithm, logarithmic belief propagation algorithm, and cyclic redundancy check - successive cancellation list decoding algorithm were adopted to CC, LDPC codes, and polar codes, respectively. Consequently, a new PHY layer for mcMTC has been proposed. The reliability of the proposed approach has been validated by simulation in terms of Bit error rate vs. SNR. The simulation results demonstrate that the reliability of IEEE 802.11a standard has been significantly improved to be at PER less 10e-5 with the implementation of polar codes. The results also show that the general-purpose wireless networks are prominent in providing short packet mcMTC with the modification needed.


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