Dense-Sparse Deep CNN Training for Image Denoising

07/10/2021
by   Basit O. Alawode, et al.
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Recently, deep learning (DL) methods such as convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have gained prominence in the area of image denoising. This is owing to their proven ability to surpass state-of-the-art classical image denoising algorithms such as BM3D. Deep denoising CNNs (DnCNNs) use many feedforward convolution layers with added regularization methods of batch normalization and residual learning to improve denoising performance significantly. However, this comes at the expense of a huge number of trainable parameters. In this paper, we address this issue by reducing the number of parameters while achieving a comparable level of performance. We derive motivation from the improved performance obtained by training networks using the dense-sparse-dense (DSD) training approach. We extend this training approach to a reduced DnCNN (RDnCNN) network resulting in a faster denoising network with significantly reduced parameters and comparable performance to the DnCNN.

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