Denoising Single Voxel Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy with Deep Learning on Repeatedly Sampled In Vivo Data

01/26/2021
by   Wanqi Hu, et al.
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Objective: Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) is a noninvasive tool to reveal metabolic information. One challenge of MRS is the relatively low Signal-Noise Ratio (SNR) due to low concentrations of metabolites. To improve the SNR, the most common approach is to average signals that are acquired in multiple times. The data acquisition time, however, is increased by multiple times accordingly, resulting in the scanned objects uncomfortable or even unbearable. Methods: By exploring the multiple sampled data, a deep learning denoising approach is proposed to learn a mapping from the low SNR signal to the high SNR one. Results: Results on simulated and in vivo data show that the proposed method significantly reduces the data acquisition time with slightly compromised metabolic accuracy. Conclusion: A deep learning denoising method was proposed to significantly shorten the time of data acquisition, while maintaining signal accuracy and reliability. Significance: Provide a solution of the fundamental low SNR problem in MRS with artificial intelligence.

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