Delta-training: Simple Semi-Supervised Text Classification using Pretrained Word Embeddings

01/22/2019 ∙ by Hwiyeol Jo, et al. ∙ 0

We propose a novel and simple method for semi-supervised text classification. The method starts from a hypothesis that a classifier with pretrained word embeddings always outperforms the same classifier with randomly initialized word embeddings, as empirically observed in NLP tasks. Our method first builds two sets of classifiers as a form of model ensemble, and then initializes their word embeddings differently: one using random, the other using pretrained word embeddings. We focus on different predictions between the two classifiers on unlabeled data while following the self-training framework. We also introduce label refinement and early-stopping in meta-epoch for better confidence on the label-by-prediction. We experiment on 4 different classification datasets, showing that our method performs better than the method using only the training set. Delta-training also outperforms the conventional self-training method in multi-class classification, showing robust performance against error accumulation.

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