Deep Reinforcement Learning for Unknown Anomaly Detection

09/15/2020
by   Guansong Pang, et al.
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We address a critical yet largely unsolved anomaly detection problem, in which we aim to learn detection models from a small set of partially labeled anomalies and a large-scale unlabeled dataset. This is a common scenario in many important applications. Existing related methods either proceed unsupervised with the unlabeled data, or exclusively fit the limited anomaly examples that often do not span the entire set of anomalies. We propose here instead a deep reinforcement-learning-based approach that actively seeks novel classes of anomaly that lie beyond the scope of the labeled training data. This approach learns to balance exploiting its existing data model against exploring for new classes of anomaly. It is thus able to exploit the labeled anomaly data to improve detection accuracy, without limiting the set of anomalies sought to those given anomaly examples. This is of significant practical benefit, as anomalies are inevitably unpredictable in form and often expensive to miss. Extensive experiments on 48 real-world datasets show that our approach significantly outperforms five state-of-the-art competing methods.

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