Deep neural networks for geometric multigrid methods

06/14/2021 ∙ by Nils Margenberg, et al. ∙ 0

We investigate scaling and efficiency of the deep neural network multigrid method (DNN-MG). DNN-MG is a novel neural network-based technique for the simulation of the Navier-Stokes equations that combines an adaptive geometric multigrid solver, i.e. a highly efficient classical solution scheme, with a recurrent neural network with memory. The neural network replaces in DNN-MG one or multiple finest multigrid layers and provides a correction for the classical solve in the next time step. This leads to little degradation in the solution quality while substantially reducing the overall computational costs. At the same time, the use of the multigrid solver at the coarse scales allows for a compact network that is easy to train, generalizes well, and allows for the incorporation of physical constraints. Previous work on DNN-MG focused on the overall scheme and how to enforce divergence freedom in the solution. In this work, we investigate how the network size affects training and solution quality and the overall runtime of the computations. Our results demonstrate that larger networks are able to capture the flow behavior better while requiring only little additional training time. At runtime, the use of the neural network correction can even reduce the computation time compared to a classical multigrid simulation through a faster convergence of the nonlinear solve that is required at every time step.

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