Deep Multi-Scale Resemblance Network for the Sub-class Differentiation of Adrenal Masses on Computed Tomography Images

07/29/2020 ∙ by Lei Bi, et al. ∙ 0

Objective: The accurate classification of mass lesions in the adrenal glands ('adrenal masses'), detected with computed tomography (CT), is important for diagnosis and patient management. Adrenal masses can be benign or malignant and the benign masses have varying prevalence. Classification methods based on convolutional neural networks (CNN) are the state-of-the-art in maximizing inter-class differences in large medical imaging training datasets. The application of CNNs, to adrenal masses is challenging due to large intra-class variations, large inter-class similarities and imbalanced training data due to the size of masses. Methods: We developed a deep multi-scale resemblance network (DMRN) to overcome these limitations and leveraged paired CNNs to evaluate the intra-class similarities. We used multi-scale feature embedding to improve the inter-class separability by iteratively combining complementary information produced at different scales of the input to create structured feature descriptors. We also augmented the training data with randomly sampled paired adrenal masses to reduce the influence of imbalanced training data. We used 229 CT scans of patients with adrenal masses. Results: Our method had the best results compared to state-of-the-art methods. Conclusion: Our DMRN sub-classified adrenal masses on CT and was superior to state-of-the-art approaches.

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