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Deep least-squares methods: an unsupervised learning-based numerical method for solving elliptic PDEs

by   Zhiqiang Cai, et al.

This paper studies an unsupervised deep learning-based numerical approach for solving partial differential equations (PDEs). The approach makes use of the deep neural network to approximate solutions of PDEs through the compositional construction and employs least-squares functionals as loss functions to determine parameters of the deep neural network. There are various least-squares functionals for a partial differential equation. This paper focuses on the so-called first-order system least-squares (FOSLS) functional studied in [3], which is based on a first-order system of scalar second-order elliptic PDEs. Numerical results for second-order elliptic PDEs in one dimension are presented.


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