Deep-learning models improve on community-level diagnosis for common congenital heart disease lesions

09/19/2018 ∙ by Rima Arnaout, et al. ∙ 0

Prenatal diagnosis of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) and hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), two serious congenital heart defects, improves outcomes and can in some cases facilitate in utero interventions. In practice, however, the fetal diagnosis rate for these lesions is only 30-50 percent in community settings. Improving fetal diagnosis of congenital heart disease is therefore critical. Deep learning is a cutting-edge machine learning technique for finding patterns in images but has not yet been applied to prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease. Using 685 retrospectively collected echocardiograms from fetuses 18-24 weeks of gestational age from 2000-2018, we trained convolutional and fully-convolutional deep learning models in a supervised manner to (i) identify the five canonical screening views of the fetal heart and (ii) segment cardiac structures to calculate fetal cardiac biometrics. We then trained models to distinguish by view between normal hearts, TOF, and HLHS. In a holdout test set of images, F-score for identification of the five most important fetal cardiac views was 0.95. Binary classification of unannotated cardiac views of normal heart vs. TOF reached an overall sensitivity of 75 reached a sensitivity of 100 diagnostic rates for these lesions. Furthermore, segmentation-based measurements for cardiothoracic ratio (CTR), cardiac axis (CA), and ventricular fractional area change (FAC) were compatible with clinically measured metrics for normal, TOF, and HLHS hearts. Thus, using guideline-recommended imaging, deep learning models can significantly improve detection of fetal congenital heart disease compared to the common standard of care.



There are no comments yet.


page 12

page 14

page 15

This week in AI

Get the week's most popular data science and artificial intelligence research sent straight to your inbox every Saturday.