Deep Learning Based Multi-Label Text Classification of UNGA Resolutions

04/01/2020 ∙ by Francesco Sovrano, et al. ∙ 0

The main goal of this research is to produce a useful software for United Nations (UN), that could help to speed up the process of qualifying the UN documents following the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in order to monitor the progresses at the world level to fight poverty, discrimination, climate changes. In fact human labeling of UN documents would be a daunting task given the size of the impacted corpus. Thus, automatic labeling must be adopted at least as a first step of a multi-phase process to reduce the overall effort of cataloguing and classifying. Deep Learning (DL) is nowadays one of the most powerful tools for state-of-the-art (SOTA) AI for this task, but very often it comes with the cost of an expensive and error-prone preparation of a training-set. In the case of multi-label text classification of domain-specific text it seems that we cannot effectively adopt DL without a big-enough domain-specific training-set. In this paper, we show that this is not always true. In fact we propose a novel method that is able, through statistics like TF-IDF, to exploit pre-trained SOTA DL models (such as the Universal Sentence Encoder) without any need for traditional transfer learning or any other expensive training procedure. We show the effectiveness of our method in a legal context, by classifying UN Resolutions according to their most related SDGs.



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