Deep Learning Based Detection of Enlarged Perivascular Spaces on Brain MRI

by   Tanweer Rashid, et al.

Deep learning has been demonstrated effective in many neuroimaging applications. However, in many scenarios the number of imaging sequences capturing information related to small vessel disease lesions is insufficient to support data-driven techniques. Additionally, cohort-based studies may not always have the optimal or essential imaging sequences for accurate lesion detection. Therefore, it is necessary to determine which of these imaging sequences are essential for accurate detection. In this study we aimed to find the optimal combination of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences for deep learning-based detection of enlarged perivascular spaces (ePVS). To this end, we implemented an effective light-weight U-Net adapted for ePVS detection and comprehensively investigated different combinations of information from susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI), fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR), T1-weighted (T1w) and T2-weighted (T2w) MRI sequences. We conclude that T2w MRI is the most important for accurate ePVS detection, and the incorporation of SWI, FLAIR and T1w MRI in the deep neural network could make insignificant improvements in accuracy.


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