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Data Analysis for Proficiency Testing

by   Reiko Aoki, et al.

Proficiency Testing (PT) determines the performance of individual laboratories for specific tests or measurements and it is used to monitor the reliability of laboratories measurements. PT plays a highly valuable role as it provides an objective evidence of the competence of the participant laboratories. In this paper, we propose a multivariate model to assess equivalence among laboratories measurements in proficiency testing. Our method allow to include type B source of variation and to deal with multivariate data, where the item under test is measured at different levels. Although intuitive, the proposed model is nonergodic, which means that the asymptotic Fisher information matrix is random. As a consequence, a detailed asymptotic analysis was carried out to establish the strategy for comparing the results of the participating laboratories. To illustrate, we apply our method to analyze the data from the Brazilian Engine test group, PT program, where the power of an engine was measured by 8 laboratories at several levels of rotation.


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