Cumulative Prospect Theory Based Dynamic Pricing for Shared Mobility on Demand Services

by   Yue Guan, et al.

Cumulative Prospect Theory (CPT) is a modeling tool widely used in behavioral economics and cognitive psychology that captures subjective decision making of individuals under risk or uncertainty. In this paper, we propose a dynamic pricing strategy for Shared Mobility on Demand Services (SMoDS) using a behavioral model based on CPT. This dynamic pricing strategy together with dynamic routing via an optimization algorithm that we have developed earlier, provide a complete solution customized for SMoDS of multi-passenger transport. The basic principles of CPT and the derivation of the passenger behavioral model in the SMoDS context are described in detail. The implications of CPT on dynamic pricing of the SMoDS are delineated using computational experiments involving passenger preferences. These implications include interpretation of the classic fourfold pattern of risk attitudes, strong risk aversion over mixed prospects, and behavioral preferences of self reference. Overall, it is argued that the use of the CPT framework corresponds to a crucial building block in designing socio-technical systems by allowing quantification of subjective decision making that is perceived to be otherwise qualitative.


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