CT Super-resolution GAN Constrained by the Identical, Residual, and Cycle Learning Ensemble(GAN-CIRCLE)

by   Chenyu You, et al.

Computed tomography (CT) is a popular medical imaging modality for screening, diagnosis, and image-guided therapy. However, CT has its limitations, especially involved ionizing radiation dose. Practically, it is highly desirable to have ultrahigh quality CT imaging for fine structural details at a minimized radiation dosage. In this paper, we propose a semi-supervised deep learning approach to recover high-resolution (HR) CT images from low-resolution (LR) counterparts. Especially, with the generative adversarial network (GAN) as the basic component, we enforce the cycle-consistency in terms of the Wasserstein distance to establish a nonlinear end-to-end mapping from noisy LR input images to denoised HR outputs. In this deep imaging process, we incorporate deep convolutional neural network (CNNs), residual learning, and network in network techniques for feature extraction and restoration. In contrast to the current trend of increasing network depth and complexity to boost the CT imaging performance, which limit its real-world applications by imposing considerable computational and memory overheads, we apply a parallel 1x1 CNN to reduce the dimensionality of the output of the hidden layer. Furthermore, we optimize the number of layers and the number of filters for each CNN layer. Quantitative and qualitative evaluations demonstrate that our proposed model is accurate, efficient and robust for SR image restoration from noisy LR input images. In particular, we validate our composite SR networks on two large-scale CT datasets, and obtain very encouraging results as compared to the other state-of-the-art methods.


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