Crowd-MECS: A Novel Crowdsourcing Framework for Mobile Edge Caching and Sharing

03/10/2020
by   Changkun Jiang, et al.
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Crowdsourced mobile edge caching and sharing (Crowd-MECS) is emerging as a promising content delivery paradigm by employing a large crowd of existing edge devices (EDs) to cache and share popular contents. The successful technology adoption of Crowd-MECS relies on a comprehensive understanding of the complicated economic interactions and strategic decision-making of different stakeholders. In this paper, we focus on studying the economic and strategic interactions between one content provider (CP) and a large crowd of EDs, where the EDs can decide whether to cache and share contents for the CP, and the CP can decide to share a certain revenue with EDs as the incentive of caching and sharing contents. We formulate such an interaction as a two-stage Stackelberg game. In Stage I, the CP aims to maximize its own profit by deciding the ratio of revenue shared with EDs. In Stage II, EDs aim to maximize their own payoffs by choosing to be agents who cache and share contents, and meanwhile gain a certain revenue from the CP, or requesters who do not cache but request contents in the on-demand fashion. We first analyze the EDs' best responses and prove the existence and uniqueness of the equilibrium in Stage II by using the non-atomic game theory. Then, we identify the piece-wise structure and the unimodal feature of the CP's profit function, based on which we design a tailored low-complexity one-dimensional search algorithm to achieve the optimal revenue sharing ratio for the CP in Stage I. Simulation results show that both the CP's profit and the EDs' total welfare can be improved significantly (e.g., by 120 the Non-MEC system where the CP serves all EDs directly.

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