Cross-lingual and Multilingual Spoken Term Detection for Low-Resource Indian Languages

11/12/2020 ∙ by Sanket Shah, et al. ∙ 0

Spoken Term Detection (STD) is the task of searching for words or phrases within audio, given either text or spoken input as a query. In this work, we use state-of-the-art Hindi, Tamil and Telugu ASR systems cross-lingually for lexical Spoken Term Detection in ten low-resource Indian languages. Since no publicly available dataset exists for Spoken Term Detection in these languages, we create a new dataset using a publicly available TTS dataset. We report a standard metric for STD, Mean Term Weighted Value (MTWV) and show that ASR systems built in languages that are phonetically similar to the target languages have higher accuracy, however, it is also possible to get high MTWV scores for dissimilar languages by using a relaxed phone matching algorithm. We propose a technique to bootstrap the Grapheme-to-Phoneme (g2p) mapping between all the languages under consideration using publicly available resources. Gains are obtained when we combine the output of multiple ASR systems and when we use language-specific Language Models. We show that it is possible to perform STD cross-lingually in a zero-shot manner without the need for any language-specific speech data. We plan to make the STD dataset available for other researchers interested in cross-lingual STD.

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