Cross-Document Language Modeling

01/02/2021 ∙ by Avi Caciularu, et al. ∙ 10

We introduce a new pretraining approach for language models that are geared to support multi-document NLP tasks. Our cross-document language model (CD-LM) improves masked language modeling for these tasks with two key ideas. First, we pretrain with multiple related documents in a single input, via cross-document masking, which encourages the model to learn cross-document and long-range relationships. Second, extending the recent Longformer model, we pretrain with long contexts of several thousand tokens and introduce a new attention pattern that uses sequence-level global attention to predict masked tokens, while retaining the familiar local attention elsewhere. We show that our CD-LM sets new state-of-the-art results for several multi-text tasks, including cross-document event and entity coreference resolution, paper citation recommendation, and documents plagiarism detection, while using a significantly reduced number of training parameters relative to prior works.

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