Counterfactual-based minority oversampling for imbalanced classification

08/21/2020 ∙ by Hao Luo, et al. ∙ 4

A key challenge of oversampling in imbalanced classification is that the generation of new minority samples often neglects the usage of majority classes, resulting in most new minority sampling spreading the whole minority space. In view of this, we present a new oversampling framework based on the counterfactual theory. Our framework introduces a counterfactual objective by leveraging the rich inherent information of majority classes and explicitly perturbing majority samples to generate new samples in the territory of minority space. It can be analytically shown that the new minority samples satisfy the minimum inversion, and therefore most of them locate near the decision boundary. Empirical evaluations on benchmark datasets suggest that our approach significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art methods.

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