Convergence Properties of Stochastic Hypergradients

11/13/2020 ∙ by Riccardo Grazzi, et al. ∙ 0

Bilevel optimization problems are receiving increasing attention in machine learning as they provide a natural framework for hyperparameter optimization and meta-learning. A key step to tackle these problems in the design of optimization algorithms for bilevel optimization is the efficient computation of the gradient of the upper-level objective (hypergradient). In this work, we study stochastic approximation schemes for the hypergradient, which are important when the lower-level problem is empirical risk minimization on a large dataset. We provide iteration complexity bounds for the mean square error of the hypergradient approximation, under the assumption that the lower-level problem is accessible only through a stochastic mapping which is a contraction in expectation. Preliminary numerical experiments support our theoretical analysis.

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