Convergence of Multi-Agent Learning with a Finite Step Size in General-Sum Games

03/07/2019 ∙ by Xinliang Song, et al. ∙ 0

Learning in a multi-agent system is challenging because agents are simultaneously learning and the environment is not stationary, undermining convergence guarantees. To address this challenge, this paper presents a new gradient-based learning algorithm, called Gradient Ascent with Shrinking Policy Prediction (GA-SPP), which augments the basic gradient ascent approach with the concept of shrinking policy prediction. The key idea behind this algorithm is that an agent adjusts its strategy in response to the forecasted strategy of the other agent, instead of its current one. GA-SPP is shown formally to have Nash convergence in larger settings than existing gradient-based multi-agent learning methods. Furthermore, unlike existing gradient-based methods, GA-SPP's theoretical guarantees do not assume the learning rate to be infinitesimal.

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