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Converged Deep Framework Assembling Principled Modules for CS-MRI

by   Risheng Liu, et al.

Compressed Sensing Magnetic Resonance Imaging (CS-MRI) significantly accelerates MR data acquisition at a sampling rate much lower than the Nyquist criterion. A major challenge for CS-MRI lies in solving the severely ill-posed inverse problem to reconstruct aliasing-free MR images from the sparse k-space data. Conventional methods typically optimize an energy function, producing reconstruction of high quality, but their iterative numerical solvers unavoidably bring extremely slow processing. Recent data-driven techniques are able to provide fast restoration by either learning direct prediction to final reconstruction or plugging learned modules into the energy optimizer. Nevertheless, these data-driven predictors cannot guarantee the reconstruction following constraints underlying the regularizers of conventional methods so that the reliability of their reconstruction results are questionable. In this paper, we propose a converged deep framework assembling principled modules for CS-MRI that fuses learning strategy with the iterative solver of a conventional reconstruction energy. This framework embeds an optimal condition checking mechanism, fostering efficient and reliable reconstruction. We also apply the framework to two practical tasks, i.e., parallel imaging and reconstruction with Rician noise. Extensive experiments on both benchmark and manufacturer-testing images demonstrate that the proposed method reliably converges to the optimal solution more efficiently and accurately than the state-of-the-art in various scenarios.


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