Contrastive Semi-Supervised Learning for 2D Medical Image Segmentation

06/12/2021 ∙ by Prashant Pandey, et al. ∙ 0

Contrastive Learning (CL) is a recent representation learning approach, which achieves promising results by encouraging inter-class separability and intra-class compactness in learned image representations. Because medical images often contain multiple classes of interest per image, a standard image-level CL for these images is not applicable. In this work, we present a novel semi-supervised 2D medical segmentation solution that applies CL on image patches, instead of full images. These patches are meaningfully constructed using the semantic information of different classes obtained via pseudo labeling. We also propose a novel consistency regularization scheme, which works in synergy with contrastive learning. It addresses the problem of confirmation bias often observed in semi-supervised settings, and encourages better clustering in the feature space. We evaluate our method on four public medical segmentation datasets along with a novel histopathology dataset that we introduce. Our method obtains consistent improvements over the state-of-the-art semi-supervised segmentation approaches for all datasets.

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