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Continuity of the roots of a nonmonic polynomial and applications in multivariate stability theory

12/28/2021
by   Anthony Stefan, et al.
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We study continuity of the roots of nonmonic polynomials as a function of their coefficients using only the most elementary results from an introductory course in real analysis and the theory of single variable polynomials. Our approach gives both qualitative and quantitative results in the case that the degree of the unperturbed polynomial can change under a perturbation of its coefficients, a case that naturally occurs, for instance, in stability theory of polynomials, singular perturbation theory, or in the perturbation theory for generalized eigenvalue problems. An application of our results in multivariate stability theory is provided which is important in, for example, the study of hyperbolic polynomials or realizability and synthesis problems in passive electrical network theory, and will be of general interest to mathematicians as well as physicists and engineers.

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