Continual Prediction from EHR Data for Inpatient Acute Kidney Injury

02/26/2019 ∙ by Rohit J. Kate, et al. ∙ 0

Acute kidney injury (AKI) commonly occurs in hospitalized patients and can lead to serious medical complications. In order to optimally predict AKI before it develops at any time during a hospital stay, we present a novel framework in which AKI is continually predicted automatically from EHR data over the entire hospital stay instead of at only one particular time. The continual model predicts AKI every time a patients AKI-relevant variable changes in the EHR. Thus the model is not only independent of a particular time for making predictions, but it can also leverage the latest values of all the AKI-relevant patient variables for making predictions. Using data of 44,691 hospital stays of duration longer than 24 hours we evaluated our continual prediction model and compared it with the traditional one-time prediction models. Excluding hospitals stays in which AKI occurred within 24 hours from admission, the one-time prediction model predicting at 24 hours from admission obtained area under ROC curve (AUC) of 0.653 while the continual prediction model obtained AUC of 0.724. The one-time prediction model that predicts at 24 hours obviously cannot predict AKI incidences that occur within 24 hours of admission which when included in the evaluation reduced its AUC to 0.57. In comparison, the continual prediction model had AUC of 0.709. The continual prediction model also did better than all other one-time prediction models predicting at other fixed times. By being able to take into account the latest values of AKI-relevant patient variables and by not being limited to a particular time of prediction, the continual prediction model out-performed one-time prediction models in predicting AKI.

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