Compositionally-warped additive mixed modeling for a wide variety of non-Gaussian spatial data

01/11/2021
by   Daisuke Murakami, et al.
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As with the advancement of geographical information systems, non-Gaussian spatial data is getting larger and more diverse. Considering this background, this study develops a general framework for fast and flexible non-Gaussian regression, especially for spatial/spatiotemporal modeling. The developed model, termed the compositionally-warped additive mixed model (CAMM), combines an additive mixed model (AMM) and the compositionally-warped Gaussian process to model a wide variety of non-Gaussian continuous data including spatial and other effects. Specific advantages of the proposed CAMM requires no explicit assumption of data distribution unlike existing AMMs, and fast estimation through a restricted likelihood maximization balancing the modeling accuracy and complexity. Monte Carlo experiments show the estimation accuracy and computational efficiency of CAMM for modeling non-Gaussian data including fat-tailed and/or skewed distributions. Finally, the proposed approach is applied to crime data to examine the empirical performance of the regression analysis and prediction. The proposed approach is implemented in an R package spmoran. See details on how to implement CAMM, see https://github.com/dmuraka/spmoran.

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