Complete Edge-Colored Permutation Graphs

04/15/2020
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by   Tom Hartmann, et al.
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We introduce the concept of complete edge-colored permutation graphs as complete graphs that are the edge-disjoint union of "classical" permutation graphs. We show that a graph G=(V,E) is a complete edge-colored permutation graph if and only if each monochromatic subgraph of G is a "classical" permutation graph and G does not contain a triangle withΒ 3 different colors. Using the modular decomposition as a framework we demonstrate that complete edge-colored permutation graphs are characterized in terms of their strong prime modules, which induce also complete edge-colored permutation graphs. This leads to an π’ͺ(|V|^2)-time recognition algorithm. We show, moreover, that complete edge-colored permutation graphs form a superclass of so-called symbolic ultrametrics and that the coloring of such graphs is always a Gallai coloring.

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