Complementation in t-perfect graphs

04/30/2021
by   Yixin Cao, et al.
0

Inspired by applications of perfect graphs in combinatorial optimization, Chvátal defined t-perfect graphs in 1970s. The long efforts of characterizing t-perfect graphs started immediately, but embarrassingly, even a working conjecture on it is still missing after nearly 50 years. Unlike perfect graphs, t-perfect graphs are not closed under substitution or complementation. A full characterization of t-perfection with respect to substitution has been obtained by Benchetrit in his Ph.D. thesis. Through the present work we attempt to understand t-perfection with respect to complementation. In particular, we show that there are only five pairs of graphs such that both the graphs and their complements are minimally t-imperfect.

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