DeepAI AI Chat
Log In Sign Up

Commonsense reasoning, commonsense knowledge, and the SP theory of intelligence

by   J Gerard Wolff, et al.

This paper describes how the "SP theory of intelligence", outlined in an Appendix, may throw light on aspects of commonsense reasoning (CSR) and commonsense knowledge (CSK) (together shortened to CSRK), as discussed in another paper by Ernest Davis and Gary Marcus (DM). The SP system has the generality needed for CSRK: Turing equivalence; the generality of information compression as the foundation for the SP system both in the representation of knowledge and in concepts of prediction and probability; the versatility of the SP system in the representation of knowledge and in aspects of intelligence including forms of reasoning; and the potential of the system for the seamless integration of diverse forms of knowledge and diverse aspects of intelligence. Several examples discussed by DM, and how they may be processed in the SP system, are discussed. Also discussed are current successes in CSR (taxonomic reasoning, temporal reasoning, action and change, and qualitative reasoning), how the SP system may promote seamless integration across these areas, and how insights gained from the SP programme of research may yield some potentially useful new ways of approaching these topics. The paper considers how the SP system may help overcome several challenges in the automation of CSR described by DM, and how it meets several of the objectives for research in CSRK that they have described.


page 1

page 2

page 3

page 4


The SP Theory of Intelligence as a Foundation for the Development of a General, Human-Level Thinking Machine

This paper summarises how the "SP theory of intelligence" and its realis...

Deriving Commonsense Inference Tasks from Interactive Fictions

Commonsense reasoning simulates the human ability to make presumptions a...

Semantically Enhanced Models for Commonsense Knowledge Acquisition

Commonsense knowledge is paramount to enable intelligent systems. Typica...

Proceedings Eighteenth Conference on Theoretical Aspects of Rationality and Knowledge

The TARK conference (Theoretical Aspects of Rationality and Knowledge) i...

UNICORN on RAINBOW: A Universal Commonsense Reasoning Model on a New Multitask Benchmark

Commonsense AI has long been seen as a near impossible goal – until rece...

CASPR: A Commonsense Reasoning-based Conversational Socialbot

We report on the design and development of the CASPR system, a socialbot...

Proceedings Seventeenth Conference on Theoretical Aspects of Rationality and Knowledge

This is the proceedings of the Seventeenth conference on Theoretical Asp...