Combining Feature and Instance Attribution to Detect Artifacts

07/01/2021 ∙ by Pouya Pezeshkpour, et al. ∙ 0

Training the large deep neural networks that dominate NLP requires large datasets. Many of these are collected automatically or via crowdsourcing, and may exhibit systematic biases or annotation artifacts. By the latter, we mean correlations between inputs and outputs that are spurious, insofar as they do not represent a generally held causal relationship between features and classes; models that exploit such correlations may appear to perform a given task well, but fail on out of sample data. In this paper we propose methods to facilitate identification of training data artifacts, using new hybrid approaches that combine saliency maps (which highlight important input features) with instance attribution methods (which retrieve training samples influential to a given prediction). We show that this proposed training-feature attribution approach can be used to uncover artifacts in training data, and use it to identify previously unreported artifacts in a few standard NLP datasets. We execute a small user study to evaluate whether these methods are useful to NLP researchers in practice, with promising results. We make code for all methods and experiments in this paper available.



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