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Collision-Aware Target-Driven Object Grasping in Constrained Environments

by   Xibai Lou, et al.

Grasping a novel target object in constrained environments (e.g., walls, bins, and shelves) requires intensive reasoning about grasp pose reachability to avoid collisions with the surrounding structures. Typical 6-DoF robotic grasping systems rely on the prior knowledge about the environment and intensive planning computation, which is ungeneralizable and inefficient. In contrast, we propose a novel Collision-Aware Reachability Predictor (CARP) for 6-DoF grasping systems. The CARP learns to estimate the collision-free probabilities for grasp poses and significantly improves grasping in challenging environments. The deep neural networks in our approach are trained fully by self-supervision in simulation. The experiments in both simulation and the real world show that our approach achieves more than 75 novel objects in various surrounding structures. The ablation study demonstrates the effectiveness of the CARP, which improves the 6-DoF grasping rate by 95.7


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