Clustering based on Point-Set Kernel

02/14/2020 ∙ by Kai Ming Ting, et al. ∙ 0

Measuring similarity between two objects is the core operation in existing cluster analyses in grouping similar objects into clusters. Cluster analyses have been applied to a number of applications, including image segmentation, social network analysis, and computational biology. This paper introduces a new similarity measure called point-set kernel which computes the similarity between an object and a sample of objects generated from an unknown distribution. The proposed clustering procedure utilizes this new measure to characterize both the typical point of every cluster and the cluster grown from the typical point. We show that the new clustering procedure is both effective and efficient such that it can deal with large scale datasets. In contrast, existing clustering algorithms are either efficient or effective; and even efficient ones have difficulty dealing with large scale datasets without special hardware. We show that the proposed algorithm is more effective and runs orders of magnitude faster than the state-of-the-art density-peak clustering and scalable kernel k-means clustering when applying to datasets of millions of data points, on commonly used computing machines.

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