Classifications based on response times for detecting early-stage Alzheimer's disease

02/01/2021 ∙ by Alain Petrowski, et al. ∙ 0

Introduction: This paper mainly describes a way to detect with high accuracy patients with early-stage Alzheimer's disease (ES-AD) versus healthy control (HC) subjects, from datasets built with handwriting and drawing task records. Method: The proposed approach uses subject's response times. An optimal subset of tasks is first selected with a "Support Vector Machine" (SVM) associated with a grid search. Mixtures of Gaussian distributions defined in the space of task durations are then used to reproduce and explain the results of the SVM. Finally, a surprisingly simple and efficient ad hoc classification algorithm is deduced from the Gaussian mixtures. Results: The solution presented in this paper makes two or even four times fewer errors than the best results of the state of the art concerning the classification HC/ES-AD from handwriting and drawing tasks. Discussion: The best SVM learning model reaches a high accuracy for this classification but its learning capacity is too large to ensure a low overfitting risk regarding the small size of the dataset. The proposed ad hoc classification algorithm only requires to optimize three real-parameters. It should therefore benefit from a good generalization ability.

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