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Classification of cancer pathology reports: a large-scale comparative study

by   Stefano Martina, et al.

We report about the application of state-of-the-art deep learning techniques to the automatic and interpretable assignment of ICD-O3 topography and morphology codes to free-text cancer reports. We present results on a large dataset (more than 80 000 labeled and 1 500 000 unlabeled anonymized reports written in Italian and collected from hospitals in Tuscany over more than a decade) and with a large number of classes (134 morphological classes and 61 topographical classes). We compare alternative architectures in terms of prediction accuracy and interpretability and show that our best model achieves a multiclass accuracy of 90.3 morphology type assignment. We found that in this context hierarchical models are not better than flat models and that an element-wise maximum aggregator is slightly better than attentive models on site classification. Moreover, the maximum aggregator offers a way to interpret the classification process.


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