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Characterization and Classification of Human Body Channel as a function of Excitation and Termination Modalities

by   Shovan Maity, et al.

Human Body Communication (HBC) has recently emerged as an alternative to radio frequency transmission for connecting devices on and in the human body with order(s) of magnitude lower energy. The communication between these devices can give rise to different scenarios, which can be classified as wearable-wearable, wearable-machine, machine-machine interactions. In this paper, for the first time, the human body channel characteristics is measured for a wide range of such possible scenarios (14 vs. a few in previous literature) and classified according to the form-factor of the transmitter and receiver. The effect of excitation/termination configurations on the channel loss is also explored, which helps explain the previously unexplained wide variation in HBC Channel measurements. Measurement results show that wearable-wearable interaction has the maximum loss (upto -50 dB) followed by wearable-machine and machinemachine interaction (min loss of 0.5 dB), primarily due to the small ground size of the wearable devices. Among the excitation configurations, differential excitation is suitable for small channel length whereas single ended is better for longer channel.


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