Channel Measurement and Path-Loss Characterization for Low-Terahertz Indoor Scenarios

04/01/2021
by   Jia He, et al.
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TeraHertz (THz) communications are envisioned as a promising technology, owing to its unprecedented multi-GHz bandwidth. In this paper, wideband channel measurement campaigns at 140 GHz and 220 GHz are conducted in indoor scenarios including a meeting room and an office room. Directional antennas are utilized and rotated for resolving the multi-path components (MPCs) in the angular domain. Comparable path loss values are achieved in the 140 and 220 GHz bands. To investigate the large-scale fading characteristics for indoor THz communications, single-band close-in path loss models are developed. To further analyze the dependency on the frequency, two multi-band path loss models are analyzed, i.e., alpha-beta-gamma (ABG) and multi-frequency CI model with a frequency-weighted path loss exponent (CIF), between which the ABG model demonstrates a better fit with the measured data. Moreover, a coherent beam combination that constructively sums the signal amplitudes from various arrival directions can significantly reduce the path loss, in contrast with a non-coherent beam combination.

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