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Cardiac Cohort Classification based on Morphologic and Hemodynamic Parameters extracted from 4D PC-MRI Data

by   Uli Niemann, et al.

An accurate assessment of the cardiovascular system and prediction of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are crucial. Measured cardiac blood flow data provide insights about patient-specific hemodynamics, where many specialized techniques have been developed for the visual exploration of such data sets to better understand the influence of morphological and hemodynamic conditions on CVDs. However, there is a lack of machine learning approaches techniques that allow a feature-based classification of heart-healthy people and patients with CVDs.In this work, we investigate the potential of morphological and hemodynamic characteristics, extracted from measured blood flow data in the aorta, for the classification of heart-healthy volunteers and patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV). Furthermore, we research if there are characteristic features to classify male and female as well as younger and older heart-healthy volunteers. We propose a data analysis pipeline for the classification of the cardiac status, encompassing feature selection, model training and hyperparameter tuning. In our experiments, we use several feature selection methods and classification algorithms to train separate models for the healthy subgroups and BAV patients. We report on classification performance and investigate the predictive power of morphological and hemodynamic features with regard to the classification oft he defined groups. Finally, we identify the key features for the best models.


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