C3PO: Database and Benchmark for Early-stage Malicious Activity Detection in 3D Printing

03/20/2018 ∙ by Zhe Li, et al. ∙ 0

Increasing malicious users have sought practices to leverage 3D printing technology to produce unlawful tools in criminal activities. Current regulations are inadequate to deal with the rapid growth of 3D printers. It is of vital importance to enable 3D printers to identify the objects to be printed, so that the manufacturing procedure of an illegal weapon can be terminated at the early stage. Deep learning yields significant rises in performance in the object recognition tasks. However, the lack of large-scale databases in 3D printing domain stalls the advancement of automatic illegal weapon recognition. This paper presents a new 3D printing image database, namely C3PO, which compromises two subsets for the different system working scenarios. We extract images from the numerical control programming code files of 22 3D models, and then categorize the images into 10 distinct labels. The first set consists of 62,200 images which represent the object projections on the three planes in a Cartesian coordinate system. And the second sets consists of sequences of total 671,677 images to simulate the cameras' captures of the printed objects. Importantly, we demonstrate that the weapons can be recognized in either scenario using deep learning based approaches using our proposed database. also use the trained deep models to build a prototype of object-aware 3D printer. The quantitative results are promising, and the future exploration of the database and the crime prevention in 3D printing are demanding tasks.

READ FULL TEXT
POST COMMENT

Comments

There are no comments yet.

Authors

page 5

page 6

page 7

page 8

page 9

page 12

page 18

page 19

This week in AI

Get the week's most popular data science and artificial intelligence research sent straight to your inbox every Saturday.