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Bridging the Gaps in Statistical Models of Protein Alignment

by   Dinithi Sumanaweera, et al.

This work demonstrates how a complete statistical model quantifying the evolution of pairs of aligned proteins can be constructed from a time-parameterised substitution matrix and a time-parameterised 3-state alignment machine. All parameters of such a model can be inferred from any benchmark data-set of aligned protein sequences. This allows us to examine nine well-known substitution matrices on six benchmarks curated using various structural alignment methods; any matrix that does not explicitly model a "time"-dependent Markov process is converted to a corresponding base-matrix that does. In addition, a new optimal matrix is inferred for each of the six benchmarks. Using Minimum Message Length (MML) inference, all 15 matrices are compared in terms of measuring the Shannon information content of each benchmark. This has resulted in a new and clear overall best performed time-dependent Markov matrix, MMLSUM, and its associated 3-state machine, whose properties we have analysed in this work. For standard use, the MMLSUM series of (log-odds) scoring matrices derived from the above Markov matrix, are available at


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