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Breaking the Unit Throughput Barrier in Distributed Systems

10/14/2020
by   Akshit Kumar, et al.
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A multi-level random power transmit strategy that is used in conjunction with a random access protocol (RAP) (e.g. ALOHA, IRSA) is proposed to fundamentally increase the throughput in a distributed communication network. A SIR model is considered, where a packet is decodable as long as its SIR is above a certain threshold. In a slot chosen for transmission by a RAP, a packet is transmitted with power level chosen according to a distribution, such that multiple packets sent by different nodes can be decoded at the receiver in a single slot, by ensuring that their SIRs are above the threshold with successive interference cancelation. Since the network is distributed this is a challenging task, and we provide structural results that aid in finding the achievable throughputs, together with upper bounds on the maximum throughput possible. The achievable throughput and the upper bounds are shown to be close with the help of comprehensive simulations. The main takeaway is that the throughput of more than 1 is possible in a distributed network, by using a judicious choice of power level distribution in conjuction with a RAP.

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